By John Langton, R. J. Morris
This atlas attracts jointly the most important social and monetary information on England, Scotland and Wales among 1780 and 1914, and provides a transparent consultant to the economic improvement of significant Britain through the glossy interval.
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Extra info for Atlas of Industrializing Britain, 1780-1914
Losses of young adults from rural areas, inner cities and some older industrial regions, and movement into outer suburbs and new industrial areas, were reflected in more clearly defined regional patterns. The areas of most youthful population, central Scotland, industrial northern England, the west Midlands, south Wales, London and the southeast, were generally also those with the lowest proportions of the elderly, though Sussex and Devon were above average in both groups. 18): central Scotland, Aberdeen and Forfar; northeast England, the Midlands, south Wales and Greater London.
Farmers responded in a number of ways to increasing demand. In the short term, during the crisis years of the Napoleonic Wars for example, output could be raised by increasing inputs or by extending the area cultivated. These strategies could not provide a long-term solution however, since comparatively little land was left to be reclaimed and increased inputs led to diminishing returns. Sustained increases in output could only be brought about by changes in farming technology so that more food could be produced from the same area of land.
Even so the maps do show clear differences between the economic bases and cultures of broadly defined regions within the north and Midlands. The point-symbol maps of religious affiliations and political preferences give them sharper resolution, as do the maps drawn at a sub-national scale. There are hints of smaller-scale distinctions between the four northernmost counties and the rest of northern England, between southeast and southwest Lancashire, between the northern and southern parts of the West Riding of Yorkshire, between the east and west Midlands, and between the champion and wood-pasture regions in the south.
Atlas of Industrializing Britain, 1780-1914 by John Langton, R. J. Morris