By Sugata Bose
On December 26, 2004, immense tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the bad loss of life toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the numerous international locations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide barriers. 100 Horizons takes us to those seashores, in an excellent reinterpretation of ways tradition constructed and historical past used to be made on the peak of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and concepts: pilgrims and armies, trade and hard work, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in mind-blowing methods. Sugata Bose unearths in those complicated social and fiscal webs facts of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our ordinary methods of history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are now not enough. The nationwide excellent didn't easily collapse to inevitable globalization within the overdue 20th century, as is usually meant; Bose finds as an alternative the important significance of an intermediate ancient area, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and objectives but at the same time facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges records and fable, historical past and poetry, in a notable reconstruction of the way a region's tradition, economic climate, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)
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Additional resources for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
Yet there is much to be gained from a serious rather than a superﬁcial recourse to the drawing board of history. S. S. empire in light of the British Empire a hundred years ago. Proconsuls, Pirates, and Princes Lord Curzon was the last viceroy of India in the Victorian era, which came to an end roughly a century ago. His political legacy in the Indian Ocean arena was as weighty as the marble monument he erected in memory of the queen-empress in Calcutta. ”8 The assemblage was held in the old Mughal capital, Delhi, rather than Calcutta, then the second city of the British Empire.
Curzon’s voyage to the Gulf marks the high point of a sea change in sovereignty during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that distinguished the nature of the British colonial empire from its precolonial variants. 6 This amnesia has two aspects: ﬁrst, the exclusion of most historical models of empire in a celebration of an imagined genealogy leading from Rome through Britain to the United States; and second, the erasure of the subjecthood of the colonized and with it the degradation of colonial rule.
But in order to probe the memories and meanings of migration, we turn to memoirs, travel accounts, and letters as well. 45 J. H. ”46 Indeed, the sea of the Indian and Chinese merchants, bankers, and ﬁnanciers effectively extended from East Africa to Southeast Asia. Yet the fact that none of the Asian intermediary capitalists except the Sassoons could enter London’s ﬁnancial world suggests that there were some glass ceilings in the capitalist architecture. Psychological obstacles were certainly as important as material barriers.
A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire by Sugata Bose